Month: September 2015
LOU NUER COMMUNITY IN UGANDA FELICITATES THE RECENTLY PROMOTED ARMY GENERALS BY THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF SPLA: 1ST LT. GENERAL DR. RIEK MACHAR TENY DHURGON.
Sept 30, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)—Subsequent to the recent elevation made by the SPLA commander in chief, General Riek Machar, the Lou Nuer in an assembly meeting have recognized with gratitude the promotion of all the army generals to the new ranks and files. Our undivided appreciation goes to the wise leadership of the SPLA/M for the earnest measure it has demonstrated in honoring the hard working Generals of the movement.
With this acknowledgement, we (Lou Nuer) specifically congratulate our Generals in their various new ranks of 1st Lieutenant General, Lieutenant General and Major General.
In a particular preen, we extensively congratulate the below mentioned Lou Nuer sons in the SPLA on winning the trust of the C-in-C and getting elevated.
- 1st Lt. General Simon Gatwech Dual
- General Moses Chot Rik
- General Wang Chiok Koryom
- General Koang Chuol Goach
- General Deng Yiey Thanypiny
- General Koang Gatkuoth Kerjok
Wholeheartedly, it is our utmost stance to receive and embrace the honorary recognition bestowed on this great community.
In view of this reward, we commend to the leadership of the movement to stand firm without being withstood by any pressure; either internally or externally. The right decision was made in the right time and place.
Nevertheless, the unwavering posture should continue take its course abundantly with a view to realizing the fundamental quest for reform in both army and civil service.
VIVA SPLA/M!!! VIVA SPLA!!! VIVA SPLA!!!
God bless Lou Nuer Community
God bless the people of South Sudan
God bless the Republic of South Sudan
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Ladies & gentlemen,
Let me express my profound appreciation to UN secretary general Mr. Ban Ki Moon for inviting me to this high level meeting on South sudan. This meeting highlight the world’s community concerns for consultating peace in South Sudan and the region.
Mr. secretary general,
I commend your personal commitment; I have come to express myself on peace agreement that I had signed on 17 august, 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia although the peace agreement did not meet our comfortable minimal bu we have accepted it and we are seriously propagating for its implementation amongst south Sudanese both inside the country and in the diaspora.
The 21 months cease fire was vicious and devastating more than the war of self-determination and independence. To date, over tens of thousands of South Sudanese have perished and millions have been displaced internally and at risk of starvation.
The United Nations in south sudan is protecting over 200, 000 souls that took refuge in the UN protection camps and over one million people have sought refuge in neighbouring countries. The war had created a dire humanitarian situation; this war must stop! the peace agreement must be implemented!
However, there are challenges that will impede the peace agreement implementation and I want to raise some of these challenges in this meeting:-
There are pending issues that were not addressed in the last security workshop in Addis Ababa, particularly the determination of the seizes of the forces that will be deployed in Juba, Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and other major towns.
We have notice that there is no common understanding on the interpretation of the demilitarization of Juba and the towns. The cease fire is not holding, i agree with president Salva Kiir on that. I don’t want the catalogue of violations as president Salva did this morning. The strange thing is that we are attacked and we are blamed…. I would like to say this in arabic(ضربنا بكا و سبقنا اشتكي)
No resources for assembling/containment of troops such as tents, food, water etc during the pre-transitional period.
No resources for disseminating the peace agreement amongst the citizens inside the country and the diaspora.
No resources for kicking off the most important part which is National reconciliation and healing during the pre-transitional period.
No resources for enhancing economic and service committees. We in the SPLM/A and our brothers and sisters in the government of Republic of South Sudan must embark on the trajectory that shall bring lasting peace and development to South Sudan.
I particularly call up on my brother president Salva Kiir Mayardit to gather necessary political will to implement this peace agreement in letter and spirit. He must start by withdrawing the reservations he has placed on the agreement. The unity of our people is dependent on this agreement.
Mr. chairman, Am aware that for this compromise peace agreement to last and achieved its goal, it must also be bridge for achieving peace in Sudan and Uganda and also it is time for the people of two Sudan to embark on the new beginning___a total peace for the region.
In the other hands, I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the AU peace and security council for discussing the report of the AU commission of the inquiry on South Sudan conflict and for making the report public.
Ultimately, we as political leaders must realize our collective responsibility to repair the torn social fabric of South Sudan through the transitional justice process set forth in the recently signed agreement to heal the emotional and physical wounds inflicted on our people by this destructive conflict.
I will go back to South Sudan taking with me the reassurances that the world, through the UN remains actively to engage in bringing lasting peace and development to our people.
In my part and on behave of the SPLM/A, I pledge to remain committed in consolidating Peace in South Sudan and the region. Doing so pave the way for development and prosperity in the country.
Mr. chairman, to conclude, many external observers and sometimes even South Sudanese themselves asks question: Is South Sudan viable in the long run? Yes, I tells them that it is viable.
It is viable state and what my country needs is not new forces, but fresh ideas, a political vision and a road map.
South Sudan needs five things to happen in the short period coming;
1. Peace and security needs to be restored to South Sudan.
2. IDPS and refugees needs to be repatriated and resettlement.
3. South Sudan must be connected to itself and its neighbours by modern roads.
4. South Sudan must build its own national power grid to enhance development.
5. South Sudan must produce its own foods.
We hope South Sudan become the bread basket of the region.
Thank you very much.
September 29, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)–-This brief statement goes to believers of 21 States created by Riek Machar after his failed coup attempt on December 15th 2013. After evading arrest on that fateful night, Riek and other coup plotters fled to Lou-Nuer land for protection and upon arrival led them in declaring that he was going to wage war of resistance against Juba. In his usual political gimmick, Riek started to advocate for adoption of federalism as preferred system of governance in the country. In a haste aimed at soliciting political and military support he decreed creation of 21 states based on former 21 districts established during British colonial rule. Withou sufficient consultations, carrying out viability & feasibility studies, he appointed state governors interestingly even in places where SPLA IO had presence.
The glory of being members of imaginary national and state legislatures, cabinet ministers of showdown state governments and county commissioners, regional commanders based in Addis Ababa and other regional capitals provided short lived satisfaction and titles deemed necessary during introductions at private and public functions.
The euphoria of being this and that abruptly and unceremoniously came to an end at stroke of a pen when the mischievous rebel chief signed flawed Compromised Peace Agreement (CPA Two) on August 17th 2015, a document which confirmed his position as First Vice President designate in would be formed Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU) but rendered null & void 21 states he created and governors appointed along with numerous near to useless institutions established. For those who were successfully black mailed up to the point at which Riek signed CPA Two, hold no grudges against this well-known Professor of use and dump policy who has gained notoriety for destroying lives & properties, ending or messing up promising political and military careers as a result of leading 1991 and 2013 splits. However, there is some light at the end of the tunnel for sons and daughters from Greater of Akobo who had outlived their political and military usefulness in Riek’s now defunct camp. The good news though is that the dream of having a state for the people Greater of Akobo is still much alive and would only be achieved through peaceful engagement with the democratically elected President of the Republic of South Sudan, H.E. President Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit.
The process of getting an administrative area or state for the people of Greater Akobo is being championed by South Sudan Resistance Movement/Army using dialogue and other peaceful means to advance this noble demand. For the first in in South Sudanese politics, reasoning and other persuasive methods are being used to convince the President and other leaders about the cost benefits in terms of viability, sustainability and feasibility of creating a State for Lou-Nuer people (Greater Akobo).
For first time readers, it’s worth mentioning that SSRM/A leaders led by its founder Brig. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang on 30th March 2015 met at State House-Juba with H.E. President on the need to consider granting a state for the people of Greater Akobo. A document justifying this noble demand based on sound reasoning was submitted and is currently under serious consideration by H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardi.
The leadership of SSRM/A appeals to sons and daughters from Greater Akobo who are disenfranchised with Riek’s leadership to join hands and work with H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit in rebuilding & reconstructing our country and realize dream of having a Lou-Nuer State within a peaceful South Sudan.
For believers of this eventuality, rest assured that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has the political will and constitutional mandate to decree creation of Lou-Nuer State and it won’t be long before this comes to fruition. Attached are contents of the same document submitted to H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit detailing reasons why he should consider granting a state to the people of Greater Akobo (Lou-Nuer)
Brig. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang,
Leader of SSRM/A
Justification for Proposed Lou-Nuer State (Greater Akobo Administrative Area-Lou State)
The Lou-Nuer is one of the sub-nationalities of Nuer Nation. It is the single largest Nuer cultural group on eastern bank of the White Nile River. According to the results of 2008 National Census, the population of the Lou-Nuer was at 450,000. The vast Lou-Nuer land borders Gawaar-Nuer in the west, Anyuak in the east, Murle in the South, Jikany-Nuer northeast and different sections of the Dinka tribe southwest and northwest. The Lou-Nuer had been at conflict with their neighbors for years over grazing lands, water points and other resources.
Reasons Justifying Demand for the Establishment of Lou-Nuer State
As mentioned in the brief background information above, the combined population of the three Greater Lou-Nuer counties of Akobo, Nyirol and Wuror was at 450,000 according to disputed 2008 National Census. This number exceeds the prerequisite stipulated in the national constitution for any given entity to demand the creation of a state.
- Size of the land:
The land inhabited by Lou-Nuer tribe is larger than the size of Uganda and Rwanda combined. The vastness of the land makes governance and provision of security services difficult.
The distance from the state capital Bor is estimated at over 300km compounded by lack of roads connecting all counties. This in turn hinders normal internal movements and engagement in meaningful economic activities.
Communal clashes are common occurrences. Establishing a state for Greater Lou Nure people would bring security services closer to the people and enhance rapid and timely responses during disturbances.
- Lack of Facilities:
Greater Akobo lacks roads, health care facilities, schools, permanent water points and grazing lands. Establishing a state would help in bringing services closer to the people thus realizing SPLM’s vision of taking towns to the village.
- Lou Nuer Geopolitics and Cultural Landscape:
Lou Nure community’s nationalism and resolute have been abused to fight unnecessary wars. Sad instances are the Dr. Riek Machar repeated sectarian and wars of treasons in 1991 and the ongoing conflict (2013-2015). During these unfortunate occurrences, thousands of Lou-Nuer got killed which had direct negative impact on their overall numerical strength. It is high time to explore the favorable condition of decentralization to devolve more federal powers to communities. Our quest for Greater Lou Nure State is based on our revolutionary ideals and that of SPLM. In that SPLM Constitution 2008 mandates the following:
- Article 5(2) Decentralization and devolution of powers.
- Article 5(7) Participatory Democracy, respect of democratic institution, and collective leadership.
- Article 36(4) of SSTC (2011) mandates composition of government at all levels shall take into account Ethnic [nationality], regional and social diversity in order to promote unity and command national loyalty.
SPLM Manifesto 2008 proclaimed that democracy should be granted to communities as follow:
- Section IV.10: Decentralization system of governance that would bring power closer to the Peoples, and is characterized by popular participation, transparency, accountability, responsiveness, consensus-seeking orientation, effectiveness and abidance by the rule of law, so that the Peoples of [South] Sudan are provided with necessary conducive environment for accelerated socio-economic development ad increased happiness.
Furthermore, the SPLM Manifesto explicitly proclaimed system of governance under section IV.11 to be based on;
- Restructuring of the power of the central government in a manner that would take into account the interests of all the [South] Sudanese, especially those of marginalized regions, [small population nationalities], and impoverished socio-economic groups, and
- A decentralized power structure redefining the relation between [Capital] and the regions [states] with a view to devolving more federal powers to the regions [states] and, where and when necessary, full autonomy.
Giving Greater Lou Nure there federal state shall enhance the process to keep the community and its leadership engaged in developmental programs hence will have no time to participate in subversive activities against the state.
- Marginalization by the state government:
The people of Greater Lou-Nuer feel economically marginalized and dominated by their neighbors from Greater Bor hence would prefer to have their own state.
The level of animosity, hatred and mistrust between the peoples of Greater Lou-Nuer and Bor has reached unmanageable levels as demonstrated by the killing of some Dinka community taking refuge at UNMISS camp in Akobo and revenge killing of Nuers at UNMISS camp in Bor on 17th April 2014. In the best interest of future peaceful co-existence, it would be better for them to have their separate states where the administration of the neighboring states shall mutually address their common interest. Forceful unity under one community may fuel the feelings of hegemony and resistance. Jobism by politicians is used innocent civilians to fight for limited centralized government jobs have used such sentiments throughout the country. Devolving more federal powers to communities shall make them self-reliance and would therefore seek unity in diversity and not through assimilation and demonizing as encouraged by sectarian politicians. Majority of communities would then seek collaboration and fraternal sharing of common natural resources. Federated governance shall bring decision to the Traditional Authority Leaders instead of them being sidelined now by sectarian politics.
- Lou-Nuer at Crossroads:
In the last 32 years, Lou-Nuer people took center stage in recurrent south –south conflicts (1983-1987,1991-2002 and ongoing 2013-2015) and each time a temporary political cum military settlement is reached, they would end up the biggest losers in terms of not getting satisfactory representation in the executive, judiciary, legislature organs and other key positions in security forces. The recently signed CPA Two between the government of the Republic of South Sudan and SPLM/SPLA rebels especially power sharing ratios which gave the former powers to appoint the government of Jonglei State once again confirmed Lou-Nuer’s reservations and fears of getting a bad deal whenever a settlement is found. The entire Lou-Nuer population in rebel held territories felt betrayed by their leader Dr. Riek Machar for giving away a land they had successfully defended at a high cost. The power sharing arrangements in Jonglei State inevitably and unwillingly pushed the people of Lou-Nuer back into the hands of the government whom they resisted so much to an extend that it won’t be easy for members of this community to mingle and feel free at state and national levels. However, H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardit has a constitutional mandate to turn around Lou-Nuer’s dilemma and genuine feelings that they are at crossroads into political and military opportunities by winning their trust, minds and hearts through granting of an administrative areas (State) hence fulfilling an empty and elusive promise Riek Machar had repeatedly use over the years to win their support but reneges or does not enshrine it in any final agreement especially whenever he succeeds in accomplishing his usual primary objective of getting power.
Benefits of Establishing a State for the People of Greater Akobo
- Enjoy dividends of self and shared rule
- Establishing a State would be used to persuade/convince them to support GRSS which has granted it.
- Raise local taxes and revenues for state building
Benefits of Greater Akobo State to the National Government and Neighbors
- Reduce rampant insecurity
- Raise and contribute taxes to the national government
- Contribute towards overall nation building
Your true partner in search of just and sustainable peace in Greater Akobo (Lou-Nuer)
Brig. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang,
Leader of SSRM/A
PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 547TH MEETING AT THE LEVEL OF HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT NEW YORK, USA 26 SEPTEMBER 2015 PSC/AHG/COMM.1 (DXXVII) COMMUNIQUÉ PSC/MIN/COMM.
September 29, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)-–COMMUNIQUÉ The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 547th meeting held on 26 September 2015 at the level of Heads of State and Government, adopted the following decision on the Report of the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS): Councilm
1. Takes note of the statement made by the Chairperson of the Commission and the introductory remarks made by the Commissioner for Peace and Security, the Chairperson of the AUCISS, as well as of the recommendations made by the Peace and Security Council ad hoc sub-Committee established pursuant to Communiqué PSC/MIN/COMM.(DXXVI) adopted at its 526th meeting, held on 24 July 2015, to consider the report of the AUCISS and the Separate Opinion submitted by a member of the AUCISS and make recommendations on the way forward. Council also takes note of the statements made by the Vice-President of the Republic of South Sudan and by the Chairperson of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD);
2. Recalls its previous pronouncements on the situation in South Sudan, including communiqué PSC/MIN/COMM.(DXXVI) referred to above and press statement PSC/BR/2.(DXXXVII) adopted at its 537th meeting held on 24 August 2015;
3. Welcomes the signing of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (hereafter the Agreement) by Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement In Opposition (SPLM/IO), Mr. Pagan Amum, on behalf of the Former Political Detainees (FD), and by other South Sudanese stakeholders, during the IGAD-Plus Summit held in Addis Ababa, on 17 August 2015, and by President Salva Kiir Mayardit, in Juba, on 26 August 2015;
4. Commends the Chairperson of IGAD, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn of Ethiopia, and the other leaders of the region, as well as the Team of IGAD Special Envoys, for their sustained efforts in facilitating the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan. Council also commends the AU High Representative for South Sudan, former President Alpha Oumar Konare, and the members of the AU High-Level ad hoc Committee on South Sudan (Algeria, Chad, Nigeria, Rwanda and South Africa), as well as the other members of the IGAD-Plus Mechanism (European Union – EU, United Nations – UN, IGAD Partners Forum – IPF, China, Norway, United Kingdom and the United States of America), for their contribution to the finalization and signing of the Agreement;
5. Stresses that the signing of the Agreement represents a decisive step in the efforts to end the conflict that broke out in December 2013 and the untold violence inflicted on the civilian population, and reiterates the AU’s full support to the Agreement, noting that it is the result of intensive and prolonged negotiations and consultations, and underlines that the provisions contained therein should be implemented in their entirety and unequivocally; PSC/MIN/COMM.1(DXXVII) Page 2
6. Expresses the AU’s commitment, both through the High Representative for South Sudan and the AU High Level ad hoc Committee on South Sudan, to fully play its role in the implementation process, together with IGAD, the UN and other concerned international stakeholders. In this respect, Council reiterates its request to the Commission, working closely with IGAD and the UN, as well as with other stakeholders, to submit to it, as soon as possible, concrete proposals on how best the AU could contribute to the implementation of the Agreement. Council, reiterating its readiness to authorize the deployment of a force to further support the implementation of the Agreement, should this become necessary, requests the Commission to conduct contingency planning and to engage consultations with the region and the relevant international partners, including the UN, to this effect;
7. Notes with deep disappointment and concern that, following the signing of the Agreement, there have been reports of violations of the permanent ceasefire. Council strongly warns all concerned that it will not tolerate any further violations and, in line with its previous pronouncements, expresses its determination to impose measures against all those who would impede the implementation of this Agreement;
8. Reiterates the AU’s support to the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), as well as to the IGAD Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (MVM), and looks forward to the early transition of the MVM into the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM), as provided for in the Agreement. Council stresses the need for the urgent operationalization of the CTSAMM, as a means of verifying compliance with the Agreement and addressing claims and counter-claims regarding violations of the ceasefire, and pending the conclusion of this process, calls for the urgent provision of financial and logistical support to the MVM to strengthen its effectiveness. Council demands, once again, that the parties fully cooperate with UNMISS and with the MVM/CTSAMM, to enable them effectively to discharge their respective mandates;
9. Welcomes the convening of the Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements (PCTSA) Workshop, held in Addis Ababa, from 13 to 18 September 2015, and, in this regard, notes with satisfaction the signing of the Minutes of the Workshop by the Government, and demands that the SPLM-A/IO sign them without precondition and without further delay, to enable the implementation process to start in earnest;
10. Looks forward to the early establishment of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) provided for in the Agreement, to be chaired by a prominent African personality appointed by the IGAD Assembly, in consultation with the IGAD-Plus partners, with the responsibility of monitoring and overseeing the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU), as well as overseeing the work of various entities, including the CTSAMM, the Economic and Financial Management Authority (FEMA) and the Strategic Defense and Security Review Board (SDSRB). Council welcomes the consultations initiated by IGAD towards the appointment of the Chair of the JMEC and encourages it to expedite the finalization of these consultations;
PSC/MIN/COMM.1(DXXVII) Page 3
11. Calls on all the South Sudanese parties to abide scrupulously by the terms of the Agreement and implement faithfully its provisions, and to seize this unique opportunity to open a new chapter in the history of their young nation and live up to the expectations of their long suffering people;
12. Congratulates the Chair of the AUCISS, former President Olusegun Obasanjo, and the other members of the Commission, namely Honorable Sophia Akuffo, Ms. Bineta Diop, Professor Mahmood Mamdani and Professor Pacifique Manirakiza, for their hard work and the commitment shown in the discharge of their mandate, as well as the team of experts that supported the AUCISS;
13. Expresses appreciation to the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, the SPLM/IO, political parties, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), civil society and other South Sudanese parties, for the cooperation extended to the AUCISS. Council also expresses appreciation to IGAD, the countries of the region, the UN and other international stakeholders, for the cooperation extended to the AUCISS;
14. Commends the member countries of the ad hoc sub-Committee of the Peace and Security Council comprising Algeria, Chad, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda, established in pursuance of paragraph 15 of Communiqué PSC/MIN/COMM.(DXXVI), for the commitment with which they have discharged their mandate to consider the AUCISS report and the Separate Opinion and make recommendations on the way forward;
15. Reaffirms the AU’s commitment to a comprehensive approach to the issues of peace, justice and reconciliation in Africa, rooted in contexts specific to each country.
In this respect, Council underlines the continued relevance of the AU Policy on Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development, adopted by the 9th Ordinary Session of the Executive Council, held in Banjul, The Gambia, from 28 to 29 June 2006, which, in its indicative elements relating to justice and reconciliation, calls for the pursuit of the following objectives:
(i) total rejection of impunity, as expressed in Article 4 (o) of the Constitutive Act, (ii) encouragement and facilitation of peace building and reconciliation activities from the national to the community levels, (iii) creation of opportunities for the use of traditional mechanisms of reconciliation and/or justice, to the extent they are compatible with national laws and relevant international instruments, and (iv) promotion of institution building in state and community-based institutions engaged in reconciliation.
Council further underlines the particular relevance of Communiqué PSC/MIN/COMM.(CCCLXXXIII) on the theme “National Reconciliation: Critical Factor for Security, Stability and Development in Africa”, adopted at its 383rd meeting held in Algiers, Algeria, on 29 June 2013, as well as of decision Assembly/AU/Dec.501(XXII), adopted by the Assembly of the Union at its 22nd Ordinary Session, held in Addis Ababa from 30 to 31 January 2014, declaring 2014-2024 as the Madiba Nelson Mandela Decade of Reconciliation in Africa;
16. Further reaffirms the commitment of the AU to combat impunity, in line with Article 4 (o) of the AU Constitutive Act and the relevant provisions of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union; PSC/MIN/COMM.1(DXXVII) Page 4 17. Reiterates its conviction that the achievement of lasting peace and reconciliation in South Sudan requires a holistic approach addressing, in a mutually-supportive way, the interrelated issues of accountability, reconciliation, healing and institutional reforms, based on ownership by the South Sudanese stakeholders and robust African and international support.
Council further reiterates its conviction of the need to promote an African solution to the challenges at hand, as opposed to a “one-size-fits-all” remedy, packaged as universal, to further an approach rooted in the understanding of the South Sudanese context, including the historical, political, moral and economic causes that led to the eruption of a violent conflict in December 2013;
18. Welcomes the commitment of the parties to the Agreement to national reconciliation, accountability, healing and combating impunity as part of the highest priorities of the TGoNU. Council further welcomes the determination of the Parties to build an inclusive and democratic society founded on the rule of law, and their firm commitment to end the culture of the use of force, as a means of settling differences and misunderstandings, and to promote a culture of peace and dialogue;
19. Notes the findings and recommendations contained in the Final Report of the AUCISS and in the Separate Opinion, as they relate to institutional reforms in South Sudan (building a strong state, systems of governance, devolution of power, comprehensive security sector reform, financial management and strategic resources, national and state legislative, judiciary and justice delivery system, political parties, civil society and media) and human rights violations and other abuses during the conflict, including accountability (violations of human rights and other abuses, healing and reconciliation and sequencing of peace and justice).
Council notes that the AUCISS and the Separate Opinion have highlighted the following aspects: (i) the extreme violence that is the focus of the AUCISS report was unleashed in two phases: (a) the first over three days, from 16 to 18 December 2014, in Juba, (b) the second phase covered three states in the provinces and was centered around the towns of Bor, Bentui and Malakal; (ii) the occurrence of sexual and gender-based violence committed by both parties against women, as well as other acts of extreme cruelty and inhuman brutality; (iii) most of the atrocities were carried out against innocent civilians. Places of religion and hospitals were attacked, humanitarian assistance was impeded, towns pillaged and destroyed, places of protection attacked and children under 15 years old conscripted; (iv) there are reasonable ground to believe that acts of murder, rape and sexual violence, torture and other inhuman acts of comparable gravity, outrages upon personal dignity, targeting of civilian objects and protected property, as well as other abuses, have been committed by both sides to the conflict;
PSC/MIN/COMM.1(DXXVII) Page 5 (v) based on the information available to the AUCISS, there are no reasonable grounds to believe that the crime of genocide has been committed during the conflict that broke out in December 2013; (vi) fragility and weakness of all South Sudanese institutions, the lack of accountability, rampant cases of impunity and corruption, extreme ethnicization of politics and the military, as structural causes of the crisis, as well as historic divisions within the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) – including the 1991 Nasir crisis – and the manner in which top down unity was given priority over genuine reconciliation;
20. Reiterates the AU’s condemnation of the violence and cruelty meted by the South Sudanese armed belligerents on the civilian population and the total indifference of the South Sudanese leaders to the suffering of their own people, as demonstrated by the findings of the AUCISS. Council stresses that the tragedy that took place in South Sudan is a scar on the conscience of Africa. Council notes the seriousness and diligence with which the report documents the wanton and shameful atrocities committed;
21. Decides that the recommendations of the AUCISS report and of the Separate Opinion, as reviewed by Council, shall inform the AU engagement in South Sudan and its interaction with its international partners; 22. Further decides as follows on the recommendations made in the AUCISS and the Separate Opinion, bearing in mind the report submitted by the Peace and Security Council ad hoc sub-Committee referred to in paragraph 1 above and the relevant provisions of the Agreement reached by the South Sudanese parties: (i) On political and other reforms, Council decides as follows: (a) implementation by the South Sudanese stakeholders of all the required measures to build strong, accountable, inclusive and efficient institutions, based on a review of past state-building efforts, to facilitate prioritization.
These efforts should be accompanied by broader steps to accelerate development and increase the levels of literacy. International partners should better coordinate their efforts to avoid unnecessary duplication; (b) adequate devolution of resources, decision-making power and guarantees against undue interference in devolved units by the center, through the full implementation of the current Constitution until a new one is adopted; (c) establishment of a well-balanced system of separation of powers, with adequate checks and balances, including through empowering and PSC/MIN/COMM.
1(DXXVII) Page 6 strengthening the capacity of the legislatures, enhancing the judiciary and adherence to the culture of the rule of law; (d) implementation of a comprehensive security sector reform programme aligned with the constitutional commitment to create a diverse national army under effective centralized command, as well as review of the legal framework governing the South Sudan National Police Service (SSNPS), and steps to create modern and streamlined police service and other relevant services; (e) development of a national strategy for resource management, taking into account environmental issues and community needs, the management of Government revenues and wider economic concerns, and commitment to the implementation of the provisions of the Petroleum Revenue Management Act Relating to Future Generations Fund, amongst others; (ii) On accountability, Council agrees as follows: (a) the establishment by the AU Commission of an independent hybrid judicial court, the Hybrid Court of South Sudan (HCSS), in accordance with Chapter V (3) of the Agreement reached by the South Sudanese parties, as an African-led and Africa-owned legal mechanism, “to investigate and prosecute individuals bearing the responsibility for violations of international law and/or applicable South Sudanese law, committed from 15 December 2013 through the end of the transitional period”.
Council requests the Chairperson of the Commission to take all necessary steps towards the establishment of the HCSS, including providing broad guidelines relating to the location of the HCSS, its infrastructure, funding and enforcement mechanisms, the applicable jurisprudence, the number and composition of judges, privileges and immunities of Court personnel and any other related matters; (b) an appropriate role should be fashioned for traditional justice and conflict resolution mechanisms, to be established in relationship with formal accountability processes, as well as peace and reconciliation efforts, as aligned with constitutional principles and democratic ethos, bearing in mind that South Sudanese traditional justice mechanisms combine retributive and restorative remedies, including payment of compensation in modes acceptable to litigants; (c) support, as appropriate, to the establishment of the Compensation and Reparation Authority (CRA) and to the Compensation and Reparation Fund (CRF), as provided for in Chapter V (4) of the Agreement; PSC/MIN/COMM.
1(DXXVII) Page 7 (iii) On healing and reconciliation: (a) implementation by the parties of immediate steps, to ensure the return of refugees and internally displaced persons and facilitate their resettlement, reintegration and rehabilitation, as well as humanitarian access, in accordance with Chapter III of the Agreement; (b) establishment of a specific national process to provide a forum for South Sudanese to engage with their history and the related and often competing narratives, to discover the truth about the conflicts and human rights violations of the past to attend the needs of the victims, as a way to foster healing, peace and reconciliation in South Sudan and to forge a common narrative around which a new South Sudan can orient its future. Such a process should involve and include women as key stakeholders. In this respect, Council welcomes and supports the establishment of the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation, and Healing (CTRH), as provided for in Chapter V(2) of the Agreement, and requests the Chairperson of the Commission to provide the necessary support, working with the relevant South Sudanese authorities and international partners; (c) the establishment of a framework for memorialization to honor the victims of human rights abuses, as well as acknowledge the past, as part of the broader process of preventing the recurrence of abuses, it being understood that such a process should be inclusive and participatory;
23. Underlines the imperative for the South Sudanese leaders to thoroughly study the report and fully internalize it, as part of the necessary introspection and critical assessment of their deeds and failures, in order to lay the ground for political and social renewal and legitimacy;
24. Underscores the need for South Sudan to forge a national political compact for nation and state building, informed by shared vision and values, inclusivity and sense of national and strategic belonging amongst all South Sudanese stakeholders and communities. In this respect, Council supports the continuation of the Arusha process towards the reunification of the SPLM, facilitated by the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), the African National Congress (ANC), the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and the National Resistance Movement (NRM);
25. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to release the AUCISS report and the Separate Opinion, for public information; 26. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to support the follow-up and implementation of this Communiqué and to mobilize the required human and financial resources to this end. Council further requests the Chairperson of the Commission to significantly enhance the AU Liaison Office in South Sudan and to upgrade it to the level of a
PSC/MIN/COMM.1(DXXVII) Page 8 Mission, along the lines of the AU Mission for Mali and Sahel (MISAHEL), with the following mandate: (i) monitor political, security, humanitarian and human rights, as well as socioeconomic developments in South Sudan, and interact regularly with the South Sudanese authorities and other stakeholders; (ii) support the implementation of the relevant provisions of this Communiqué, as well as the work of the AU High Representative for South Sudan and that of the AU High-Level ad hoc Committee on South Sudan; (iii) assist, as appropriate, the implementation process of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan; (iv) monitor and support the implementation, in South Sudan, of relevant decisions of the AU policy organs and other AU policies and programmes on peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction; (v) coordinate with IGAD, the UN, the EU and other relevant multilateral and bilateral partners; and (vi) undertake any other relevant related task;
27. Underlines that the situation in South Sudan and the challenges encountered in addressing it further highlight the need for an AU framework on national reconciliation and justice, building on relevant instruments and experiences, in order to guide efforts deployed at national, regional and continental levels to deal with the challenge of conflicts, bearing in mind African specificities. Council looks forward to the early finalization of such a framework through a Commission-wide consultations, for consideration by the relevant AU policy organs and subsequent dissemination to Member States and other stakeholders throughout the continent;
28. Calls on all AU Member States and partners to fully support the implementation of the Agreement and of this Communiqué, by providing the requisite political, financial, technical, logistical and other support;
29. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to formally transmit the present Communiqué to the South Sudanese stakeholders, as well as to the UN Security Council and Secretary-General, as well as to other AU partners, in order to mobilize their support to the African-led efforts to promote lasting peace, security, stability, justice, reconciliation and healing in South Sudan;
30. Decides to terminate the mandate of the AUCISS and requests the Chairperson of the Commission to take all steps required to this effect;
31. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to submit quarterly reports on the implementation status of the present communiqué; 32. Decides to remain seized of the matter.
Former Vice President and First Vice President designate Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon has safely arrived in the United States of America
September 26, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)–-Dr. Machar was received warmly by the U.S. government officials at the airport. This is a sign from the U.S. government’s commitment to bring lasting peace into South sudan.
Further more, Dr. Machar is expected to address world leaders on September 29, 2015. He will focus his presentations on peace implementations, human rights and among others.
In addition, Dr. Machar was accompanied by South Sudanese high level delegations including Ambassador Ezekiel Gatkuoth.
He was received by SPLM representative in New York Mr. Miyong kuon and his Deputy Representative Ms. Sarah Rial.
Hundreds of South Sudanese are waiting outside to welcome H.E. Dr. Machar who has worked tirelessly to bring peace back into the country.
Thousands of South Sudanese were killed and millions were displaced to neighboring countries.
Tut Luotkoway contributed on this report ……………………………………………………………………………..
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September 26th, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph) – The Chairman and C-in-C of the SPLM/A (IO) Dr. Riek Machar has issued orders promoting several senior Army Commanders to the ranks of Major Generals, Lieutenant Generals and First Lieutenant General.
In a series of orders released to the public and media the Chairman and Commander in Chief of the Armed Opposition announced promotion of the commanders including the Armed Opposition’s Chief of General Staff, Deputy Chief of General Staffs, Division Commanders and Regional Commanders from the Ten States of South Sudan.
1-Commander promoted from Lieutenant General to First Lieutenant General:
-Lieutenant General Simon Gatwech Dual promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant General.
“Pursuant to resolutions of Nasir consultative conference, I, Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, Chairman and Commander-in-Chief of SPLM/SPLA do hereby promote Lt. Gen. Simon Gatwech Dual to the rank of 1st Lt. General with effect from the 21st December 2014,” reads the order signed by the opposition leader, Riek Machar.
2- Commanders promoted from the rank of Major General to the rank of Lieutenant General are as follows:
-James Yich Biet
-Moses Chot Rik
-Elias Jada Laku
-Dau Aturjong Nyuol
-Peter Dor Monjur
-John Both Teny
-Saddam Chayout Manyang Wuor
-James Koang Chuol Ranley
-Johnson Olony Thabo.
3- Commanders promoted from rank of Brigadier General to the rank of Major General are as follows:
-Wang Chiok Koryoam AKA Ayieeth
-Ruai Kuol Jal
-Magwek Gai Majak
-Daniel Koang Chuol Goach
-Deng Yiei Thanypiny
-Peter Thuok Chuol Luak
-Martin Kenyi Terensio.
4- Other Commanders promoted to ranks of Major General are as follows:
-Koang Gatkuoth Kerjok
-Thomas Bazilio Tindo Kali
-Khamis Abdel Latif Chauwel Chol
-Wesley Welebe Samson.
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September 26, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)—-The chairman and commander in chief for SPLM/A-IO Dr.Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon is expected toarrive in the United States of America in the next two hours to attend the UN summit on South Sudan, organized by the General Assembly in New York. The summit brings heads of state and government from around the world.
Dr Machar left for New York on Friday evening from Ethiopian’s capital Addis Ababa and his plane is expected to jet into the country around 1:30PM East Africa local time at John F. Kennedy airport in New York.
Over 3,000 South Sudanese have converged at John F. Kennedy airport to welcome him to United States of America for the first time since the beginning of the crises on 15 December 2013 in South Sudanese capital Juba.
Machar is also expected to meet South Sudanese community in Omaha, Nebraska after the UN summit in the first week of October.
On other hand, the government allied militias who called themselves Maban Defend forces or MDF attacked the position of the rebels infantry forces that were on move from Odear, Eastern Upper Nile towards North. The incident occurred yesterday near Maban County.
“MDF came out from the town to ambush our forces on the way and were lying in wait in concealed positions to make surprise attacks on our mighty troops while on the way. However, the the SPLA-IO Gallant forces managed to break through and repulsed the government forces with big loses on them” Major Dickson Gatluak told our editorial team.