Interviews

Deputy Governor Mr John Dor Majok, Peace and more dollars crucial to redeem the economy

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The Deputy Governor, Central Bank of South Sudan, Mr John Dor Majok
The Deputy Governor, Central Bank of South Sudan, Mr John Dor Majok

The Bieh Telegraph)–-“The only thing that will salvage this situation is to get more dollars, work to make sure that oil production goes back to pre-crisis levels, this is very important!” That’s a prescription the deputy governor of the Central Bank of South Sudan, Mr Dor Majok, is recommending to resuscitate the economy.

Speaking exclusively to Miraya Breakfast show on Thursday, the Deputy Governor acknowledged that South Sudan’s economy is tipping towards an economic downturn, which he said happens when economic shocks affect the macroeconomic issues

He said South Sudan has suffered several shocks in the recent past including the oil shutdown in 2010,  the 2013 conflict and the drop in the prices of oil on the global market. “We have to pray that prices on the World Market should also rise.” he said.

Deputy Governor Dor Majok, also explained in detail  the process that led to the bank’s decision to float the currency last December.  Majok said the lack of reserves made it difficult for the central back to defend the 2.9 exchange rate and borrowing triggered several economic variables including the depreciation of the south Sudanese’s pound.

The Deputy Governor however said that the decision to float the local currency meant well for the economy. “The intention was also very good, we were thinking of what we call a level play ground, number two, we thought this one would also curb demand.  We also thought organizations such as the IMF and the World Bank would come and salvage us and this is what is happening now, the IMF is interested.”

The deputy Governor stressed that the bank is not to blame completely for the economic situation, adding that management of the fiscal economy is a responsibility of  the Ministry of Finance, while the bank plays an oversight role over monetary issues.

Commenting on concerns about the Central Bank’s role in giving rise to parallel Forex markets, the Deputy Governor, said the Central Bank does not have anything to do with the Black Market.

“Central Bank I would say has nothing to do with the black market.  There are other sources. You have foreigners, who have dollars, you have investors who have dollars.”

Majok also revealed that the Central Bank has a five week import cover which he explained means; “the reserves we have may cover only imports of only 5 weeks.  After that of course I will not try and shock the people that after five weeks there will not be any goods in the market – the goods will be there, but the question is the price.”

In addition to his recommendation to diversify the economy, the Deputy Governor stressed that Peace is the best solution to the economic crisis.

“Peace by itself can also reduce the crisis because people will go back home, they will go and cultivate, we are happy that this year, rains are promising,  all this can bring down the crisis, can bring good life to the people of South Sudan.”

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SPLA -IO TO TRANSPORT THEIR TROOPS TO JUBA PROMPTLY.

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The reformed white armies, after aquiring weapons from the battle fields and unknown sources(Bieh Telegraph Cde. Sirir
The reformed white armies, after aquiring weapons from the battle fields and unknown sources(Bieh Telegraph Cde. Sirir

(The Bieh Telegraph)—-The SPLM in Opposition has started the process of transporting their forces to Juba as part of the implementation of the peace agreement, an official has said.

They say the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission is providing transport with support from the European Union, the Troika, and other partners.

But it would take about two to three weeks to have the forces in Juba.

The troops will be reintegrated with those of the government to form a joint police and army, which will be redeployed in Juba and other parts of the country.

A senior member of the SPLM in Opposition, Henry Odwar, says the First Vice President Dr Riek Machar cum leader of the SPLM in Opposition, will be in Juba soon after reintegration of the two forces.

“The European Union and the Troika have committed themselves to supporting the airlifting of our troops to Juba and those who are going to come by barges or by road,” Mr Odwar told the media.

He said the operation is being coordinated by the Joint Military Ceasefire Commission of JMCC, in which the government is also represented.

US Welcomes SPLM-IO Advance Team

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Taban Deng addressing the crowd after their arrival
Taban Deng addressing the crowd after their arrival

(Bieh Telegraph)-–The United States welcomes the return to Juba yesterday of representatives of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement In-Opposition. Their return marks an important milestone in the implementation of the peace agreement, and we hope it augurs future cooperation between the Government and the Opposition as they work towards peace in South Sudan.

We express our appreciation to the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development for their efforts to initiate a sustainable transition and foster national reconciliation in South Sudan.

Many important but difficult decisions remain. We call on both parties to work together in the spirit of unity and compromise to solidify the reforms outlined in the peace agreement and to establish the Transitional Government of National Unity in full cooperation with JMEC Chairperson, President Festus Mogae.

Two Refugees Found to be in 600 Political Prisoners Killed by the Government of South Sudan Last Week.

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Late Abraham Igiot, in suite. Lodai pink and a friend in black
Late Abraham Igiot, in suite. Lodai pink and a friend in black

September 11, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)—-Is the war in South Sudan extended to South Sudanese refugees in East Africa? ‘Finally, the most anticipated war on south Sudanese refugees in East Africa is launched in Uganda by South Sudan government in collaboration with Ugandan government’. Aborcup John Akuer, a south Sudanese refugee residing in East Africa’s Kenya, wrote on his Facebook timeline postdated on 30th August-2015.

On 30th August 2015, few days after the signing of South Sudan peace accord by warring parties. Opposition leader, Dr. Riek Machar, accused Juba administration of executing nearly 600 political prisoners, allegations Juba regime could deny.

However, the activist would uproot it all in another angle. Aborcup, who flew to exile in April- 2013, a couple of months prior to the break-out of conflicts in the Country, compliments the SPLA/M leader by identifying few names among the nearly estimated 600 executed ‘political prisoners’ as refugees, kidnapped and killed innocently.

Dominic Lodai whom Aborcup claims is an urban refugee registered under UNHCR in Nairobi, and Richard Lokeya, a lost boy whom he said returned from Canada and an asylum seeker are among those killed in Juba.

The two, Dominic and Richard, who both hail from Haula community, Diding’a tribe, Budi County, Eastern Equatoria state of South Sudan, according to Aborcup, entered Kenya to take refuge on different dates after receiving several life threats from government agents in Chukudum town, Budi County.

Aborcup says the two Diding’a boys reported to him deterioration of their security situation in Nairobi in July-2015 when he met them before them crossing to Uganda after finding it difficult to live in Nairobi.

According to him, they were arrested with several other asylum seekers in early August by Ugandan security in Uganda and handed to South Sudan forces that tortured them for days and strangled them and then threw into River Nile in late August.

Dominic, a former SPLA officer and Richard, a law graduate, found themselves in one destiny after condemning a tragic incident where a member of their Diding’a community, Mr. Igiot Abraham who was a school headmaster in Chukudum, was shot down by government soldiers in 2014.

Aborcup asks human rights bodies to look into Dominic and Richard’s deaths. He further calls on human rights organizations to rescue Clement Lochio wherever he could be held, Lochio is a journalist and a human rights activist who was arrested and now is being held in undisclosed location in South Sudan.

He also asks them to offer sufficient protection to few fugitives he believes must be hunted for by same killers of Richard and Dominic, among them are Hon. Oreste Lopara, Jon Pen, Gabriel Jok etc.

‘I hope the human rights defenders would fight hard to have killers of these boys brought to book, and make an effort to rescue those who could still be hunted like Jon Pen, Oreste Lopara, Gabriel Jok etc in the jungles within cities, by enemies of humanity in human beings alike.’ He Aborcup.

Aborcup, from minority Murle of Graeter Pibor, flew to exile after surviving several attacks which his other friends like late Kerbino Kolen Dhulo, a peace maker, believed to have been killed by the then rebels of David Yauyau, John Wiyual Manytap, who was kidnapped and killed in Juba to mention few.

White House Slash Kiir’s Claimed of Reservations

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earnestAugust 26, 2016 (The Bieh Telegraph)—-The Government of United States America has welcomed the recent peace deal belatedly signed by South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir, but warned that it does not recognize a list of reservations that he made when signing the document.

“President Kiir made the right decision to sign the peace agreement,” said White House spokesman Josh Earnest, as quoted by AFP in Washington. He added, “The US does not recognize any reservations or addendums to that document.”

At the signing ceremony on Wednesday, Kiir repeatedly expressed reservations to the deal. His government also sought to attach a 12-page list of reservations on many key points of the deal.

“The current peace we are signing today has so many things we have to reject,” President Kiir said at the ceremony.

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CONTRA, New York Interview with Mr. Kuajien Lual Wechtuor, SPLM/SPLA Representative to Germany

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Cde. Kuajien Lual Wectuor SPLM/A representative to Germany
Cde. Kuajien Lual Wectuor SPLM/A representative to Germany

May 26, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)— This is an Interview done by New York Time

Mainly concerning your defection, what points in the conflict made you rethink your allegiances for SPLM/SPLA-IO?

There are so many points explaining why I lost contact with dictator & tribal regime and automatically switched allegiance to the country’s revolutionary Resistance movement led by South Sudan’s former Vice President, Chairman and Commander – in – Chief of SPLM/SPLA Dr. Riek Machar Teny:

  1. It came to my attention that Salva Kiir caused the war & indeed lost legitimacy as a result of killing 20,000 innocents voters/people in Juba and subsequent handing over the country sovereignty to Uganda, which its army used Cluster bombs against civilians;
  2. I took this step following the failure of Salva Kiir’s rotten government to uphold democracy and respect for human rights and rule of law, which triggered the intense and brutal violence that targeted specific groups the Nuer tribe in Juba & currently Shilluk in Malakal. The violence in Juba that targeted one nationality, the Nuer and the continuation of waging unjust war using foreign armies (UPDF, JEM, SPLA-N…) and atrocities by Kiir forces against innocent civilians in the country had indeed touched me.
  3. Salva Kiir refused to discuss the reforms needed to democratize the system, he instead conspired the violence that ethnically cleaned Juba of its Nuer population as a mean for his (Kiir’s) tribal dictatorship tendency consolidation.

I had unambiguously noted that Kiir’s ethnic targeting intention and effect was to divide the civil populations along ethnic lines, to destroy the middle ground that bind them, thereby to polarize the people and the country. I therefore rejected terrorist, murderous and divisive dic-regime.

  1. The War was imposed on South Sudanese: I was government official & true leader, unlike cowards and uninformed bread and butter seekers those sucking Salva Kiir, I, together with Freedom fighters, nationalists and resistance movement leaders bowed to fight back to defense the innocents from ethnic cleansing & S.Sudan territorial integrity;

However, I was quickly moved by the suffering of our people as a result of Salva Kiir’s poor economic planning and implementation, insecurity, setting up tribe against tribe, ethnicized corruption, tribalism and ethnicization of government, international law and Foreign policy (nonintervention doctrine) violation, grave human rights violations and bizarre humanitarian situation that our people are then immensely arbitrarily subjected.

(a) Peace & failure of peace negotiations, what missteps and successes have been claimed by both warring parties? (b) Kiir and Machar, have changed their attitudes?

a) Peace Negotiation: the international community failed obstructed by Africans Union.
i) Missteps by parties:

  1. There is no any misstep by SPLM/A-IO but only that SPLM/A-IO committed to peaceful resolution – a permanent peace other than fully fighting the Dinka elders’ war.

 

  • Kiir groups never negotiated in good faith but been buying time while fully fighting the war; buying lethal weapons to gain military solution which is a mere dream, despite 50 years he could fight; Salva Kiir sold the nation to Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni for power lust; Kiir regime sign any agreement with prior consultation of & approval by Museveni; therefore, the political independence and territorial integrity of South Sudan is invaded.

 

ii) Success by parties – Peace blocked since March 6, 2015 by Dinka Elders council – no success claimed sofar, although Bona M. believed that blocking peace is a success:

  1. No success at all at the side of Salva Kiir: (a) Economics collapse at his door – dollar against tribal government and looters is eating the heads of looters – mercenaries will be running away and likely their master run after them naked and disbanded; (b) the remaining operating Upper Nile Oil Fields is about to be shutdown by the people movement for the people, other than buying foreigners to die unaccounted in our land;

 

  • Without peace, SPLM/SPLA is able to dismantle Salva Kiir and install Federal and democratic governance system; our forces are becoming stronger as able as shutting down Oil Fields – cutting Salva Kiir throat so no more breathing with money but hunger.

 

b) Change of attitudes
i) Salva Kiir and his tribal blood thirsty had never change because he think he had a guns, he can kill but cannot dies; he thought he has Ugandan Iron army, JEM & SPLA-N (Sudan rebels) a bloodless as money as papers to discard without accountability; He exploit the silent of justice by international community and AU in particular in deferring AU commission of inquiry on South Sudan crisis’s report from publication. He will never change until world know him as dictator criminal who committed genocides & executed.

ii) Dr. Machar is a leader and peace lover. Without him, IGAD peace attempt would have been impossible, S. Sudan would have been a blood bathing Pools of East African nations since Yowery Museveni and Salva Kiir wanted every each nation add its bloods.

How Germany’s current politics relates to South Sudan and behaved with it? This is really more background information on your role in Germany and what Germany has done with South Sudan over the past few years.

South Sudan has been in a longtime international isolation due to poor international relation prompted by Salva Kiir tribal diplomatic representation. The concern of Western and democracies nations is the same: they are not interesting in killings, dictatorships, ethnic rivalry, wars, human rights abuses, crimes, corruption and poverty – the characters of Salva Kiir regime.

Germany & its organizations have been and still doing great works in different capacities, for example, education – I first came to Germany as DAAD Public Policy and Good Governance Scholar – so the war got me here; promote Agriculture, peace projects, developmental sector, etc.

I would not interfere to guess the current politics and how Germany behaves with South Sudan. What I discover is that Germany is not informed about South Sudan current war, crimes committed and the extent of economic and lives downturn because South Sudan illegitimate government has been much lying, albeit the opposition is not a substitute of government worldwide.

How the (a) conflict has progressed and your (b) own concerns and thoughts on the road to the conflict and the road to peace?

a) Conflict progress: the only progress is that:
Salva Kiir have been applying unconventional war styles: using cluster bombs on SPLA-IO in densely populated areas; planted mines –Nasir, Ayod etc: killing children, women and elderly people; burning every village which come into their control – recently GUN;

Furthermore, S.Sudanese are realizing & now uniting against Salva Kiir tribal machine. Gen.Olony joined war against Kiir – if no peace,definitely it will be downfall of Salva Kiir.

b) Road to peace and conflict:
1. Peace is a solution and effective reunion of the divided S.S. people. For good peace, the Troika and UN Security Council should push AU to make public the African Union’s Commission of Inquiries on South Sudan crisis report on atrocities committed against 20,000 innocent unarmed civilians cleansed in Juba (Dec.15-18,2013) & recent in GUN.

  1. International community and Troika countries (US, UK and Norway) must take direct participation in IGAD-Plus to play vital roles in making sure that peace return to the country in a very short period possible to avert the suffering of South Sudan people.

 

  • Salva Kiir regime has not only mismanaging the country’s wealth on buying lethal weapons and mercenaries to fully implement genocide, although evidently failed and ready going to hell and doom, but committing genocides; the International community should design and regard Salva Kiir regime a terrorist and dictator organization.
  • International community and IGAD-Plus should be mindful of and avoid fooling South Sudanese that they are making peace for them, when Museveni is a peace player and at the same time the Gunner-the gunship of Salva Kiir. At least Ugandan army and Sudanese rebels should be ordered out from South Sudan, so that Salva Kiir continues pursuing war of ethnic cleansings with only his tribal militia and Dinka elders’ council. Without this action, I believe there shall be no peace & resource, since Salva Kiir’s hope is to buying more Africans & die for his dictatorship empire, paying them death royalties.
  • Sanction and arm embargo should be imposed on Salva Kiir government and individuals those obstructing peace, cooked the ethnic cleansing coup that triggered the war, committed genocide and war crimes (that should include cluster bombs users and landmines planters). If not then UN got South Sudan war and it solution very wrong. In addition, the Oil revenues should be managed by a special fund, thus to feed the hungry and provide food and medicines to the millions displaced persons in UN mission camps across the country, those who are living rough in the bushes without any assistance and foreign refugee camps. Failing peace and this option, SPLM/SPLA (IO) is determined to protect South Sudan natural resources and its people from foreign traders’ army and weapons.

 

What do you think of 1991 and today civil war, any links?
There is no links between 2013 civil war and 1991 chaos at all. Its dictator Salva Kiir, and Dinka Elders’ Council the enemy of peace’s fabrication to rally Dinka community behind him. In 1991 it was a movement against Sudan’s oppressive regime which it ideological objective was in question caused division; Separatists (independent South Sudan) led by Dr. Machar and Dr. Lam Akol backed by all South Sudanese versus Unionists (one Sudan) led by Dr. John Garang, the coned SPLM/A Dinka movement.

In the process of disintegration of two factions (1991) and in 1984/5 many innocent civilians killed from Gaajak, Lou Nuer, Fangak & Bentiu Nuer in one hand and Bor Dinka on other hand. Kiir’s 1991 song is sole responsibility of Kuol Manyang Juuk, late George Athor, Kerbino Kuanyin Bol, Dr. John Garang and himself whose forces resorted to the killing of innocent Nuer repeatedly. White army were innocent outraged because of Kuol Manyang and George Athor attempted to burn down Greater Lou Nuer where they had indeed invaded Yuai; killing Nuer indiscriminately, putting sticks in the genital organs of women and children.

Later white army made revenge on forces in Bor. Thus, question would remain the sole responsibility of the aggressors, the notorious Salva Kiir, Kuol Manyang and George Athor. If he is revenging 1991, his 15,000 Gelweng (rescue president) would have been chosen Gelbor (revengeBor) from Dinka Bor or Gelnuer (revengeNuer) from Nuer the victims of 1991 to revenge on him, Juuk or SPLM/A.

For current war, Salva Kiir a president of an independent nation South Sudan admitted, he ordered Nuer cleansing, “cleans Juba of its Nuer population to revenge his, Athor and Juuk’s 1991 killings in Jonglei on both Nuer and Dinka Bor, and Gaajak massacre in 1984/5. Why only Salva Kiir and Dinka elders investing in 1991, when Nuer forgets and forgives 1991 and 1894/5 Gaajak Nuer massacre? Kiir’s government also taken revenge on & terrorize Murle, Fertit, Mádis, Shilluk and Morus now, had any of these tribes killed Dinka in 1991 too?

I think he will also revenge 2013’s 20,000 Nuer he killed in Juba on who we don’t know yet but might be on Equatorians or Dinka next time on a pretext he will concoct simply to hold on power, to get another transitional government by causing another civil war (in 2018). However, Salva Kiir imposed this tribal war on people simply to divide South Sudanese into them and us, so thence he get full support from Dinka community by capitalizing on revenge for Dinka, although he explicitly failed.

It’s alleged that SPLA-IO leadership is divided, military commanders & Dr. Machar are at difference, the commanders wanted war and Dr. Machar pursues peace?

There is no any difference exist, only an enemy’s wishful thinking circulating that far wishing SPLM/SPLA-IO divided. Dr. Machar is a peace role model, since if without him there shall be no IGAD peace talks because Salva Kiir only dreams in a war victory less he will likely ripens. The leadership is united and strong. Unlike terrorist Salva Kiir regime, SPLM/A-IO under Chairman and Commander -in-Chief Dr. Machar wanted and believed in peaceful resolution of South Sudan crisis that is why we go no offensive.

How do you see the roles of UN in protecting IPDs in its Camps in South Sudan? UN declared that IDPs be relocated to rebels held areas, e.g. Akobo, Leer, Fangak and Pagak, what is SPLM/SPLA-IO position?

UN is a byproduct of the failed League of Nations. It has everything to do for civilians and a country that has fallen into its darkest days, like South Sudan. Without UNs, innocent Nuer in Juba, Bor, Malakal and Bentiu, and Shilluk in Malakal and Melut these days would no longer exist given the rate of Salva Kiir forces’ terror. Its UN’s foundation and core objective to protect civilians from danger that is threatening lives, South Sudan is not exceptional, its part and parcel part of UN from its birth hitherto.
SPLM/A-IO is a peoples’ resistance movement which cause was for defense of innocent people.

We welcome the UN’s IDPs relocation resolution to Akobo, Pagak, Fangak and Leer. It noted that IDPs put up in a floodable environment and in concentration camps subject to Salva Kiir’s terrorism activities. IDPs have been on daily basis abducting, raping, torturing and brutal killing outside the camps by Salva Kiir forces. Some camps have been subject to an intentional attack and bombardment by Salva Kiir forces. UNs agencies face the work links side effects. Hence human being cannot be allowed to suffer, live under severe humiliations and unjust captivity when UNs knows its roles.

I would fall short to praise UN in regard to nonintervention doctrine and sovereignty of member states, what make UN silent on South Sudan political independence and territorial integrity violation by Uganda? UN Charter is clear here; “no intervention into any other country’s domestic affairs by another country allow, unless on UN’s order after fact finding committee or when the member state requested intervention from UN if she failed to protect its citizens in effect of genocide and other serious crime under international law.” All these two justifications for military intervention are subject to UN’s sole authorization.

If UN today is silent on South Sudan, I would question the UN’s legal and core values existence. Thus, I would say that South Sudanese peoples’ suffering in the hand of terrorist regime war is UN failure and inconsistencies in failing to order an end of Ugandan army and Sudanese rebels illegal interference with South Sudan’s domestic politics. Questioning UPDF present in South Sudan by itself is a justice to and recognition of the people of South Sudan if UN charter and it principle still hold.

What Message would you want to say?

Do you think Salva Kiir regime is a government, a government that kills its citizens; children, women and elderly people? It did it in December 2013 in Juba, Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, Wau and Gerger-Renk, 2014 against Nuer; again as recent as Bentiu (Nuer) and yesterday up-to-date in Melut against Shilluk and bombing IDPs camps – inclusive.

I call upon all South Sudanese people who are still in the doomed & failed government to revolt and join the SPLM-IO to liberate the Nation from dictatorship, tribalism and Ugandan run government to install democracy and federalism that will entails respect for human rights and rule of law. SPLM/SPLA under Dr. Machar is trying to unite South Sudan people, recreate the social capital for creation of a peaceful, multi-ethnic, prosperous and democratic federal state of which all South Sudanese will be proud of.

SPLM/SPLA (IO) political values calls for the institution of federal system of governance in which the federal, states and the local governments wealth will equally shared and powers devolved more politically, judicially and economically; implement Reforms that affecting Security, judiciary, executive, parliament, civil services, justice and public policy in terms of their philosophy, mandate, mission and objectives to reflect ethnic diversity of South Sudan in terms of the officer corps, men and women in them.

Where in the world government act in a terror, only in South Sudan? If IS, Alshabaab, Boko Harama and Al-Qaida becomes terrorist because they killed civilians, why it takes so long for UN to condemns and labeling such irresponsible Kiir’s tribal government a terrorist when it carrying ethnic cleansing, mass murders than protecting citizens?

I call upon UN for justice and accountability against Salva Kiir’s criminal responsibilities on ethnic cleansing and genocide committed in Juba and recently. Join us, your resistance movement in urging the International Community (UN & Troika) to make sure that the regime of Salva Kiir in Juba is accountable for all the human rights violations it has committed during the eruption of the conflict since 15th December, 2013 and up-to-date.

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