South Sudan Crisis

Deputy Governor Mr John Dor Majok, Peace and more dollars crucial to redeem the economy

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The Deputy Governor, Central Bank of South Sudan, Mr John Dor Majok
The Deputy Governor, Central Bank of South Sudan, Mr John Dor Majok

The Bieh Telegraph)–-“The only thing that will salvage this situation is to get more dollars, work to make sure that oil production goes back to pre-crisis levels, this is very important!” That’s a prescription the deputy governor of the Central Bank of South Sudan, Mr Dor Majok, is recommending to resuscitate the economy.

Speaking exclusively to Miraya Breakfast show on Thursday, the Deputy Governor acknowledged that South Sudan’s economy is tipping towards an economic downturn, which he said happens when economic shocks affect the macroeconomic issues

He said South Sudan has suffered several shocks in the recent past including the oil shutdown in 2010,  the 2013 conflict and the drop in the prices of oil on the global market. “We have to pray that prices on the World Market should also rise.” he said.

Deputy Governor Dor Majok, also explained in detail  the process that led to the bank’s decision to float the currency last December.  Majok said the lack of reserves made it difficult for the central back to defend the 2.9 exchange rate and borrowing triggered several economic variables including the depreciation of the south Sudanese’s pound.

The Deputy Governor however said that the decision to float the local currency meant well for the economy. “The intention was also very good, we were thinking of what we call a level play ground, number two, we thought this one would also curb demand.  We also thought organizations such as the IMF and the World Bank would come and salvage us and this is what is happening now, the IMF is interested.”

The deputy Governor stressed that the bank is not to blame completely for the economic situation, adding that management of the fiscal economy is a responsibility of  the Ministry of Finance, while the bank plays an oversight role over monetary issues.

Commenting on concerns about the Central Bank’s role in giving rise to parallel Forex markets, the Deputy Governor, said the Central Bank does not have anything to do with the Black Market.

“Central Bank I would say has nothing to do with the black market.  There are other sources. You have foreigners, who have dollars, you have investors who have dollars.”

Majok also revealed that the Central Bank has a five week import cover which he explained means; “the reserves we have may cover only imports of only 5 weeks.  After that of course I will not try and shock the people that after five weeks there will not be any goods in the market – the goods will be there, but the question is the price.”

In addition to his recommendation to diversify the economy, the Deputy Governor stressed that Peace is the best solution to the economic crisis.

“Peace by itself can also reduce the crisis because people will go back home, they will go and cultivate, we are happy that this year, rains are promising,  all this can bring down the crisis, can bring good life to the people of South Sudan.”

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A MONTH ON AND THE PEOPLE ARE YET TO FEEL AT PEACE

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By: Gatgong Koang Thany,

Fresh fighting erupted in the crisis-stricken South Sudan on Saturday, a day after warring factions missed a deadline set by regional mediators to strike a ...
Fresh fighting erupted in the crisis-stricken South Sudan on Saturday, a day after warring factions missed a deadline set by regional mediators to strike a …

October 24/2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)—-To the common man and woman, to those who are hiding in the thickets of the bushes and the deepest of the deplorable swamps, the coming of peace is not represented merely by the appending of signatures by the Principals to the warring parties rather the silence of the Killing guns, stoppage of raping and abduction of innocents girls and women, but most important the abandoning of the Mosquitos, snakes-infested swamps and bushes and return into the now empty plots which once were a happy home but that were harshly set-ablaze!

It’s now over a month since the Principal to the warring Parties put their signatures on to the IGAD-Plus’s Proposal dubbed Compromise peace agreement to end the conflict in South Sudan amidst celebrations among the war-tired Population of the Nation from all work of live across the globe and bitter complaints among Politicians who see their political opportunities threaten by the proposed new set-of-reality ,the very politicians who engineered and executed this unforgivable mayhems, are shamelessly resisting processes that would bring it to an end, rather they heartedly wish for the war to continue as they continue to squander the meager resources of the Country at the expense of the suffering Citizens of the Country.

Evaluations since the commitment by the main warring parties to end the conflict had sadly indicated that other than verbal rhetoric, the war has not stopped despite declaration of cease-fire and repeated promises to stop the fight by the Leaders of SPLMs Factions, so far since the signing of the Addis-Ababa Document in Addis and Juba respectively fighting raged on nonstop in many locations and all the warring parties did best is blame and contra-blame, therefore the people’s hopes and expectations are put to serious yet reasonable doubt.

As with any peace agreement, the CPASS is not exceptional , South Sudanese who are severely tortured by the almost two years of bloody civil war are harboring such a huge bundles of expectations from it, top of such expectations are but not limited to; An immediate end to the war upon the signing; the ordinary Citizens who bore the most painful brunt of the conflict strongly believe that upon the appending of signatures, insecurity shall come to an immediate end throughout the land, they thought that gun shall fall silent and death as results of war shall come to an instant end, however it’s over a month now yet the guns are still barking and many lives are continuously being lost unnecessarily throughout the country,
Quick return home; with gun silenced, the affected population thought they could bit fare-well to their hiding swamps, bushes and the filthy overcrowded camps and return to what they once call home and from scratch attempt to rebuild their destroyed lives, and having lost their entire source of livelihood, the Citizens expects immediate assistants especially from the humanitarians aids, unfortunately it’s over a month since the agreement was reached by the warring SPLMs faction to end the war and the suffering of the People once and for all, yet the people are still hiding in the swamps since they are still hunted and killed like wild animals, their daughters targeted for rape or abduction while elderly slaughtered.

The conducive environment required for humanitarians agencies to deliver critical humanitarian assistance including medicines to vulnerable Children and women is intentionally denied as the government Forces and their allied Militias continues with aggression, carrying out unnecessary offensives against mostly civilians targets for instant, in Leer and Mayiendit Counties in Unity State, in Wau-Shilluk in Uppernile State, Wundruba payam in Central Equotoria and in Maridi County of Western Equotoria State respectively, these evils acts do not only contravene the spirit of the later and deem the people’s hopes for return to normalcy but also a serious manifestation of the government’s unwillingness to end the war.

Accountability, responsibility and explanation; once the guns is silent and survivors of this man-made catastrophe settled back in their destroyed homes, they will expect to know whether the disease responsible for the mass destruction and extermination of their innocent loved ones is discovered, once that is explained, then, to seal the huge Pot of impunity in South Sudan and Africa as large and allow for voluntary reconciliation to take root in the Land , those responsible for this crisis must be held to account for their heinous crimes against humanity.

Finally; reservation asides, the warring parties, especially the government need to own up to its responsibility as partner to peace in South by showing goodwill to peace implementation process hence acts accordingly; the common citizens particularly those in the war affected areas urgently need a break from the war as well, therefore the government should do the following as sign of good will to peace; Instructs its allied Militias to cease any further offensives, including stopping raids, rape and abduction of innocent civilians immediately, withdraw its forces and allied militias from villages so that people could come out from the bushes and swamps and go back to their homes , allow free movement of people so that they could reach to assistance but most important allow free and unhindered humanitarians access to enable humanitarians actors reach the most vulnerable population that are gravely in need of assistant. It’s already one month and there is no sign of peace especially in the war affected villages.

South Sudan National Security Arrests 76 Suspected Al-Shabaab Members in Awil and Juba

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al-shabbaab militia
al-shabbaab militia

October 24/2015(The Bieh Telegraph)—-The government of South Sudan yesterday announced the arrest of some 76 suspected members of Somalia terror group, Al-Shabaab.

The Minister of Cabinet Affairs Martin Elia told the gathered media after the weekly cabinet meeting that 40 undocumented suspects were arrested in Aweil, NBGS trying to cross into Sudan. The other 36 were arrested in Juba of which only three didn’t have valid documents. All the suspects are Kenyan-Somalis or Somalis.

The arrests come in the wake of ISIS execution of a South Sudanese national in Libya.

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IGAD Call on the Two Warring Faction to Finalize The Security Arrangement.

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au
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19/October/2015 (Bieh Telegraph)—A crucial meeting between government and the SPLM in opposition leaders to plan the implementation of the peace agreement opens in Addis Ababa this week.

The meeting organized by the Intergovernmental Authority Development (IGAD) will specifically focus on the implementation of the security agreement.

IGAD communications officer, Haile Michael Gebreselassie, says the meeting on Tuesday will focus on the unification of the forces under the security arrangements.

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Does South Sudan really strive to build democracy?

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By: Bol Khan
Introduction:
President of Southern Sudan Salva Kiir waves the newly signed constitution during the ceremony in the capital Juba on July 9, 2011 to celebrate South / Bieh Telegraph..
President of Southern Sudan Salva Kiir waves the newly signed constitution during the ceremony in the capital Juba on July 9, 2011 to celebrate South / Bieh Telegraph..

Does South Sudan really strive to build democracy? Who shall spearhead as a leader, the building of democracy in South Sudan? Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit? What an illusion! Is he honest enough still to be expected as a person who may transport democracy to South Sudan? Yes, before past six decades or so, Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit was good at least for something. At that time when you talked anything with him or if anything was told to you by Salva Kiir Mayardit he accordingly lived up to what he said to the end. I am talking of the time of the SPLM’s reclusive vision of Secular, United Sudan and New Sudan Vision “the vision of no return” as they were saying, where we would find them almost everywhere chanting “From Nimule to Halfa and from Genena to Ameskhoref, in Eastern Sudan”. Personally, but not in their quest for United, Secular New Sudan, I was among those who termed him (Kiir) “a good, trustworthy and a man of few words who could only believe in action”.

Little did we know that, a year latter or less (that was) after independence, Salva Kiir would become number-one among the liars or most in-trusted President in the world. I am not abusive, this is the fact. Globally, it is a must and necessary for any head of state and Government to possess required qualities. Or know precisely, what it takes to lead a nation like South Sudan. So I was one of his unpaid fans. I can even still remember the fierce political and national arguments we made during the six-year interim period. We would strongly ague with the likes of Gordon Buay who were by then irrationally the arch-political opponents to Salva Kiir. Someone, a year ago wrote an article asking questions like “What had happened really to Salva Kiir Mayardit”? Was it sweetness or tatse of power that could drive him into the point of becoming a famous liar, a behavior which subsequently led to uncontrollable chaos on 15 Dec 2013? Or was it something else? I concurred with that guy or author! As a matter of fact, Salva Kiir would have become the most reverted President on earth and leave behind even a good political LEGACY. However, drastically, Salva Kiir changed his mind from a habit of building a nation to that of deceiving a nation at best. The recent past, current and present events make up my defend team convincing at this point. All those fatal events could be prevented if there was a political will in our country’s leadership.
Introspect without doubt, we all became familiar to the reason as to why Salva Kiir abruptly branched or deviated from his national-bound duties. I think there is no need for categorical vindication. Salva Kiir had since then became number one—among the most liars Presidents ever in the world. He is no longer a trusted top human being in South Sudan; for he changed the true sense of this famous adage “Words speak not louder but action does”. However, nowadays, Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the South Sudan’s current President doesn’t practically implement what he says. In short the entire speeches he has been delivering right after independence had not been implemented as expected. Particularly the speeches which supposedly mean to strengthen and build a democratic foundation in South Sudan.
Now let’s go direct to the topic. As titled above, this piece is a critique of Kiir’s last speech (article), “South Sudan’s strives to build democracy” under his leadership. Whether or not, the article was written by one of the Jieng Council of Elders or Juba’s government Council of Ministers’ member; that is none of our business. Our concern for today is to shed light on Salva Kiir’s illusion. His article or speech was published in Washington Times, other several international news outlets as well as the national ones. The speech was full of empty promises and it might disseminate unfounded information which should not go unchallenged. In that article Kiir illogically tried to put across: Juba is ready to implement IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Accord. But the reservations he made on 26th August 2015 in Juba are still in the palms of his hands. This was the first intent and condition Salva Kiir places on the table. Second, he wants the world to sees him as peace lover and under him as President, South Sudan will strive to build real democracy. The latter is as easy as passing of the camel through the tiny hole of the needle! Does Salva Kiir revere rule of law—for him to build democracy? What was Salva Kiir’s hidden agenda when he signed peace Agreement in August? These are the two basic questions this critique is trying to extract!
Does Salva Kiir revere rule of law—for him to build democracy?
To start with, Salva Kiir began his speech by January 9th 2011 and how difficult it was for South Sudanese to have a country of their own. Read what he said“Just five years ago, as dawn unfolded on January 9, 2011, millions of South Sudanese took the final steps on our seventy-year journey to independence. In our own country, we said, our government would act for us and not against us. It was our friends in the international community who helped shape those feelings into words. “Accountable, representative institutions;” “the Rule of Law;” “inalienable and equitable rights” – for many in South Sudan, the institutional vocabulary was new. But we all had known their meanings by their absence”. Thus, I, Bol Khan, would like to say now and again that Salva Kiir Mayardit is a BIG liar I have ever seen! Does he really know that the very country he leads came as a result of ordinary and millions South Sudanese’s votes in 2011? Also in his speech he said and I quote “The IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement undermines the South Sudan’s democratic institutions” end quote. Does Salva Kiir really respect South Sudan’s democratic institutions, elected positions and the constitution? Of course not! If he does, Mr. Joseph Bakasoro, WES’s former Governor, the former Governor of Upper Nile state, Simon Kun… Etc would have not lost their elected gubernatorial positions. Because, you cannot claim to build democracy or respect democratic institutions while you’re not a best friend to rule of law! Rule of law in nature, is basically to implement what the law of the land says and the constitution as it had been stipulated. I doubt Salva Kiir’s intention, because if he reveres the rule of law he would have not trained those boys from his own regional states. The boys—Dotkubeny private forces that would then, by Presidential orders, blocked the national road to democracy as it had happened in 2013. He would have not fired either elected officials as he has been doing all along! Additionally, he should avoid separating South Sudan on ethnic basis.
The second window of an opportunity for Salva Kiir to make democracy a reality in South Sudan was that failed SPLM’s Third National Convention in 2013. It is known to many: SPLM’s National’s Convention in December 2013 came to a standstill in December 2013 due to the following:
A) A traditional practices “show of hands” against the the modern one“secret ballot”.
B) Salva Kiir wanted to nominate five (5) percent of the membership of the congresses to the National Convention…Etc.
C) Kiir’s intransigent against all democratic principles.
But he (Kiir) deliberately refused to swallow the modern democratic norms—compared to old traditional practices. He later on admitted, in Arusha-Tanzania the above modern democratic issues as grave mistakes he had made in December 2013. And as true abstacles in building democracy in South Sudan! Though he did admit his fault, after thousands innocent South Sudan people had already miserably pass on due to the SPLM-Kiir’s intransigent against democratic principles.  Now, who can hoodwink who that Salva Kiir will ever succeed in building democracy in South Sudan? I think, even the IGAD-PLUS imposed Salva Kiir on South Sudanese to lead the nation during the upcoming transitional period of thirty (30) months not because Salva Kiir will ever demonstrate democratic spirit in South Sudan. Perhaps, IGAD-PLUS wanted to end the war peacefully by re-installing Salva Kiir to the country’s top seat so that he can stop maiming Africa’s younger nation! That might be the case!
What was Salva Kiir’s hidden intention when he signed IGAD-PLUS compromise Peace Agreement?
 Are you already familiar with Salva Kiir’s way of doing things? If not, you should now begin to access Benydit’s true internal cunning way of handling the issues. And what he was intended when he signed IGAD-PLUS compromise peace agreement. Mr Salva Kiir’s inner intend towards IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement he signed on 26th August 2015 was totally different compared to peace lovers’perspectives. President Salva Kiir didn’t sign the Agreement with all his heart and soul; he forced himself to act against his determination. In another words, he was just bluffing—deceiving the nation, the region and the world!  His was but a naked tactic of “let’s buy time”! Take this simple truth from me my dear reader if you don’t have it already! Look at what he says “I recently signed an internationally brokered peace accord to end an insurrection against my government that has plagued us for almost half of our young nation’s life. I did not accede to this deal because it is perfect—indeed, the plan undermines the sovereignty and democratic institutions of our nation in key, unfortunate ways. Despite our misgivings, last month I committed our people, their nation and their government to the Compromise Peace Agreement. But let my reasons be clear: I did not sign the accord because of threats or intimidation. I signed because leadership is the art of the possible and choosing between difficult, imperfect options. I signed because a government must lead”.
 
In our own analysis based on the above sentences, Salva Kiir was deceiving the nation, the region and global community when he signed that agreement. He wanted to free the knot or a looming loop which was about to be tied around his neck. In August if you can still remember, the world media houses were so much dominated by this sad news that “South Sudan’s President, Salva Kiir, refuses to sign IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace agreement, meant to end twenty one (21) months civil war and the suffering of his own people”. In another words, it was only panic of the looming regional and international’s isolation as well as the possible military intervention. All those contributed immensely in one way or another to the reasons. For that reasons, he lately changed his mind and signed peace accord nine (9) days late but in Juba, South Sudan. Therefore, the original plan was to illogically put pen on paper and then blocks the implementation as time goes, then by putting forward the reservations.
Secondly, he would worry less, since the IGAD-PLUS compromise agreement states: He (Salva Kiir) must remain head of state and government for the next upcoming period of thirty (30) months—transitional period. This is the art of leadership he meant. Kiir’s government idea, directed by the Council of (Elders/from) his own region was to buy time. Government’s offensive in the war fronts and unilateral creation of ethnically-based Twenty Eight (28) new states was the real symptom that Salva Kiir has already started assassinating for good the implementation of the Peace Accord. Contrary to IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement—an agreement which is only supporting ten (10) states and as stipulated also in South Sudan’s transitional Constitution, 2011.
 Conclusion
 What is so strange is that, Salva Kiir expects everybody to just believe in what he says not in what he puts in action. In another words, Salva Kiir wants to use the constitution as his personal thing: that he has a legal right to smash the country’s constitution and nobody should blame him because he is the President. He considers himself as above the law of the land! For instance, if Salva Kiir delivers a speech today outlining how elected positions must not be touched in accordance with the country’s constitution, he would tomorrow surprisingly without fear fired an elected official. While the officials he removes were democratically elected just like him and by the same people of South Sudan. However, if you question him as to why an elected official is removed, Salva Kiir and his sycophants would stand tall saying “I/we know there are people who are working against the constitution, the government and the nation. People do not know that I am (he is) the Republic of South Sudan’s legitimate and a democratically elected President”. Now in such contradictory behavior, what kind of human being Salva Kiir and his cronies are? How do you handle such a messes? Should Salva Kiir be considering a kind of South Sudanese leader who must continue leading a nation?
It was indeed surprising for one to read the following sentences from Salva Kiir. “Foreign governments and un-elected bodies will never revere the South Sudanese vote as we do because they did not sanctify it with their blood. They cannot treasure our sovereignty as we do because they did not suffer to establish. They will not cherish our freedom as we do because they did not taste our oppression. Of course we – the elected government – voiced our objections. We were told, however, to keep quiet”. What a degrading diatribe! He even ended his speech by saying: Mr. Salva Kiir is the elected President of South Sudan. When was he elected as the President of the Republic of South Sudan? The best part of all is that, all the elected officials he removed in South Sudan as well as other constitutional’s blunders he made are there automatically proving Salva Kiir’s impractical language invalid. FYI, dear readers, there must be a strange spirit in Salva Kiir Maryardit! I am sure; that same spirit in him definitely makes it also impossible for democracy to become a reality under Kiir’s leadership in South Sudan, comes what!
In conclusion
I would want, therefore, the public and the world to seriously take the following facts into action as we continue receiving empty promises from Salva Kiir’s Government. Salva Kiir’s Government is neither ready to implement the IGAD-PLUS Compromise Peace Agreement nor it is ready to build democracy in South Sudan. In addition and more importantly, the powers he (Salva Kiir) has now in his hands were delegated to him not by the people of South Sudan. He rob them—the powers by himself, because no Presidential elections held in South Sudan since independence and subsequently after 9th July, 2015. Therefore, if you hear today from Salva Kiir Mayardit that “South Sudan’s strives to build democracy”; then he and his group must be clandestinely striving to act, as usual, not in accordance with the law or what is agreed upon by the world. Without exception, we all know how self-appointed and un-elected Presidents work. So, don’t say you are dumbfounded on that day!
Bol Khan is a concerned South Sudan’s civil society activist. He can be reached at bolkhan39@yahoo.com.
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THE ‘BADS’ AND THE ‘GOOD’ OF 28 STATES: A PEROSNAL POINT OF VIEW.

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By: Dhuor Reath Badeng,

Dhuor Reath Badeng
Dhuor Reath Badeng

(The Bieh Telegraph/ Kenya)–The creations of 28 states have been received with mix reactions both locally and internationally by citizens and friends of South Sudan. I personally also want to have my take as to what aspects the order would gain currency and on what grounds it wouldn’t hold.

First and foremost, South Sudan is a country that depends entirely on oil revenues for all its activities and as any person with profound intellectuality would ratiocinates; the total amount of oil money available for the whole country in a year depends on world oil prices, the oil contracts, technology, and oil production rates, among others. So, given all the above strains, there isn’t much an ordinary citizen can do to change any of these variables in the current economic enclave that our young country finds herself in. In that vein, I don’t see any reason as to why the government in Juba would wish to create more economic instability when it’s already unable to battle with the big elephant within. The dollar has never been our good friend all the way from 2011 when the president with the approval of the NLA ordered for the closure of the oil flow to the North because of the high transit fees that was being charged by Sudan to this particular day that even a liter of fuel price has ramped up from the previous 5 SSP/liter to 100 SSP/liter simply because the local business people cannot afford hard currencies to bring in imports.  For that reason I deem it oblivious of the President to decree such order when there is so much to be done in order to keep the already available 10 States viable than creating more.

Yes! It has been a popular demand by the people of South Sudan to have federalism as well as the SPLM Party’s vision to take town to the people, but not at a gruff moment of humanitarian crisis as this. There are IDPs in almost every town in South Sudan, thousands of Refugees in nearly all the neighboring countries who even in the camps where they have sought refuge do not live and socialize like people caught in the same predicaments. They have placed their tribal identities above anything not taking into consideration the fact that they are all victims of the senseless war that made them fled their homes and to inflame all this, the government who is supposed to bring them back to their respective homes and ensure their efficacious and safe resettlement, reconciliation and eventual healing of past wound is wrapped up pigeonholing them in ethnic states in the name of taking town to the people. This subdivision of States which is driven to a significant degree by divide-and-rule politics and the complaints of minorities in each state about not getting a fair share of the ‘cake’ will not work out well for the president and his cohorts but will only create new configurations, new minorities and more numerous divisions which have already been witnessed in some parts of equatorial and western Bahr el Ghazal state.

The Presidential order is more disastrous, irritably, mocking and embracing to many “WHO ARE INTELLECTUALLY EQUIPPED” and who are now given the trial test to own an imaginary states with no clear borders, unidentified cadres, unknown populations, budget and networking roads to ease the delivery/taking of resources nearer to the consumers. I know there are perspicacious men and women around the president who could have reviewed and slashed the unwanted blatant order but only if they had had the chance to pip their eyes on the disturbing document. But instead, the ‘Oh yes men and women’ surrounding the Pandora of Salva Kiir have taken the would-have been national responsibility to their own selfish pursuit depriving not only those who might have the guts or temerities to questioning their filthy ways of corrupting everything they touch, but also embarrassing the president himself in the eyes of international community. They are just sheep in wolf clothing!

It is also to be noted that this order by Mr. Kiir was motivated by the fact that CPA II gives the two largest oil producing states to SPLMIO and for that reason, Kiir and cohorts have to derive a formula that would deprives SPLMIO of the benefits it would glean from the oil fields in those states and this is clearly depicted in the way the president has pigeonholed the Dinka of Apandang into the states of Ruweng and Eastern Nile as a formula to secure the oil fields in those areas. Oil-based political conflict can lead to the fragmentation of the national or the wider interest, unleashing a dynamic well known to economists: the tragedy of the commons. As it happens, this generic dynamic can be illustrated by the struggle that will surface in the near future as the various communities engage in fisticuffs over the control of the oilfields. In this ‘common-pool’ problem, participants will compete to get oil out as fast as possible, before the others do, leading to overproduction and damage to the oil fields. This is the problem I foresee happening with the former Unity and Upper Nile States citizens.

Nevertheless, having given some negative impacts of the order, I still personally believe that the order would serve some sense in terms of security. My personal analysis on this is based on the fact if the creation of 28 states becomes a reality, majority of the people who were staying in Juba for no apparent reasons but just for love of town life will now have to travel back to their states capitals and find something useful to do for themselves hence clearing Juba of its previous dense settlement which was used and would still be used by criminals and other ill-intention security/public officials as a tramp card to effect their misfeasance.

Similarly as I stated earlier in the previous paragraph that this subdivision of States is driven to a significant degree by the complaints of minorities or procedurally marginalized majorities in each states about not getting a fair share of the ‘cake’, it is true that some communities since the establishment of South Sudan have never felt the benefits of having a country and this creation of 28 states by the president would means ‘Jah blessing’ to them as reggae listeners would put it. Therefore as a member of the newly the created Eastern Bieh State, and not owing apology to what any other person out there will interpret this opinion, I embrace and welcome the creation of Eastern Bieh State for it will solve many issues that have been affecting the would-be members of E.B.S ranging from security issues with its neighbors from the former Jonglei State, poor development in terms of physical infrastructures, health sectors, education among others that will practically be attainable with the coronation of a new Governor who will be au courant with the prime concerns of the citizen and use the locally raised revenues to effect these developments. Yes we can!

Lastly but not the least, as we all know that we humans are competitive creatures and the seeds of conflict are build deep in our genes. We fight each other and only survive against all odds by organizing ourselves into group that would have common purposes, give morale and fortitude. The peaceful resolution of this 22-months long conflict should be paramount to all of us despite the political divide we come from. The signs of outstanding leadership appear primarily with the followers. And therefore as followers of the different political figures that run our country, we must step up beyond political sycophancy and look at things nationally rather than following the interest of the various leaders that purport to be working for national interests when in reality they are doing things to their political advantages. I have heard and read many comments coming different supporter that why would it be 28 States and not 21 states as was first declared by Dr. Machar? The best argument now should be; “There is no need for accepting federalism (creation of more state) by the government at this point since they had rejected the proposal earlier”And if the petition to rescind the creation of 28 states fails as it will, given the increasingly intransigent mannerthat the government in Juba have become, 21 or 28 states should not be the bone of contention, the parley should be; how do we go about the situation so that it doesn’t negatively impacts on the CPA power sharing ratios that were agreed by all the parties.

South Sudanese are sick and tired of all these messes and we all need to do something really quick to save the country from going to the dogs.

God Bless South Sudan!!

Dhuor Reath Badeng Jnr. The writer of the article can be reach through drbadeng@gmail.com.

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UN Technical Review Team from Headquarters in New York and Juba met with IO members in Addis today.

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SPLM-IO Memebers
SPLM-IO Memebers

October 04, 2015 (The Bieh Telegraph)—-The parties discussed the direction UNMISS should take and how to equip it technically and human resources wise, to undertake its mission and how to help in the implementation of peace process.

The discussion looks on how the UNMISS should look like in the next coming three years and how should the UN meets the expectations of people of South Sudan.

About seven members from splm-IO led by Hon John Juan Dong and comrade Puot Khang attendance a one day meeting today conducted by the UNMISS at United Nations Economic commissions for Africa or ECA in Addis Ababa.

SPLM/A IO discuses the mandate of UNMISS as fresh and its support in the implementation of peace process during the transition period of National Unity.

The discussion touches most parts of the recent signed document relating to the security arrangement and how the UNMISS should help in repatriation of IDPS who are now under the UN protection camps across the country.

SPLM/IO is calling on the UNMISS to help in term of monitoring, verification as well as patrolling in areas where the forces are going to be kept under cantonments and extension of its protection of civilians not only in the POC but even for those who are living far from its bases across the country to be covered.

The members agreed on the UNMISS mandate to be extended for the next three years until the elections are held in the country after securing the safety of civilians in the region and UNMISS to participate fully in the election to make sure that the elections are transparent and fair.To continue to help the country in capacity building by training the Joint police and provision of schools, health facilities and training military justice for the fair trials.

The members are calling on the UNMISS as well as the I GAD plus to make sure that all organize forces are out of Juba including the national security services which was described as the most danger and threat to the national peace in the country. About 10,000 personnel, carrying small arms dressing in civil clothes are believed to have been deployed in Juba by the government.

We recommended the only joint police to patrol and protect civilians to be in Juba in the next coming government of TGONU.
The SPLM/IO reaffirm their commitment for the reconciliation and healing to take place among the members in the entire region of South Sudan starting from the political wing up to the local populations .

Regards,
Dickson Gatluak Jock
Deputy spokesperson for SPLA-IO.

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